Top 10 Biggest Countries in the World (Ranked)

Welcome to our article on the top 10 biggest countries in the world!

If you’ve ever wondered which nations boast the largest land areas, you’re in the right place.

From the vast expanse of Russia to the diverse landscapes of the United States, we’ll be exploring the biggest nations on our planet.

top 10 biggest country in the world

Key Takeaways:

  • Russia holds the top spot as the largest country in the world, covering 11% of the Earth’s landmass.
  • Canada is the second largest country, known for its vast wilderness and numerous lakes.
  • China ranks third in terms of land area and is the most populous country globally.
  • The United States is the fourth largest country and offers diverse landscapes across its vast territory.
  • Brazil takes the fifth spot and is famous for its Amazon rainforest and vibrant culture.
  • Australia, both a country and a continent, is the sixth largest with unique wildlife and stunning natural landscapes.
  • India is the seventh largest country and has the second-highest population in the world.

Now that you have a glimpse into the top 7 biggest countries, continue reading to discover more fascinating facts about the remaining nations on our list.

Russia – The Largest Country in the World

Russia holds the distinction of being the largest country in the world in terms of land area. With a total area of 17,098,242 km² (6,601,665 mi²), it dominates the global landscape. Covering about 11% of the world’s landmass, Russia spans across both Eastern Europe and Asia. Its vastness is truly awe-inspiring, making it an important player on the world stage.

Not only does Russia hold the title for the largest landmass, but it also boasts a rich and diverse geography. From the snowy peaks of the Caucasus Mountains to the sprawling Siberian taiga, Russia offers a wide range of natural landscapes. The country is home to the world’s deepest lake, Lake Baikal, and the longest river, the Volga. This vast expanse of land provides ample opportunities for exploration and adventure.

Furthermore, Russia’s enormous size has a significant impact on its climate. From the Arctic tundra in the north to the subtropical regions of the Black Sea coast, the country experiences a wide range of climates. This diversity allows for the cultivation of various agricultural products and supports a diverse array of flora and fauna.

“Russia is a land of extremes, with its vast territories offering boundless possibilities for exploration and discovery. From the frozen landscapes of Siberia to the cultural richness of Moscow and St. Petersburg, this country never fails to captivate the imagination.”

Table: Top 5 Largest Countries in the World by Land Area

Rank Country Land Area (km²)
1 Russia 17,098,242
2 Canada 9,984,670
3 China 9,706,961
4 United States 9,372,610
5 Brazil 8,515,767

As seen from the table, Russia’s land area greatly surpasses that of other countries, cementing its position as the largest nation on Earth. Its vast territory influences not only its geographical and climatic diversity but also its political and cultural significance. Understanding Russia’s sheer size is key to appreciating its immense impact both domestically and internationally.

Canada – The Second Largest Country

Canada is the second largest country in the world, renowned for its vast landmass and breathtaking natural beauty. With a total area of 9,984,670 km² (3,855,101 mi²), it occupies a significant portion of North America. Its land area is unmatched, excluding water bodies, making it the largest country in terms of sheer size.

One of the defining features of Canada is its abundance of lakes, numbering more than half of the world’s total. This includes the iconic Great Lakes, which are shared with the United States. The country’s expansive wilderness is also home to diverse ecosystems, ranging from towering mountain ranges to vast prairies and lush forests. Canada’s natural wonders attract adventurers and nature enthusiasts from around the globe.

Despite its massive size, Canada has a relatively small population compared to other countries. With a population of approximately 38 million people, it ranks 38th in terms of population density. This translates to wide open spaces and untouched landscapes, allowing for a unique and tranquil living experience.

Key Highlights of Canada:

  • Second largest country in the world by land area
  • Rich biodiversity and stunning natural landscapes
  • Abundance of lakes, including the Great Lakes
  • Small population and low population density

Canada’s reputation as a land of vast landscapes and unparalleled natural beauty is well-deserved. From the stunning Rocky Mountains to the remote Arctic tundra, this country offers a diverse range of environments to explore and admire. Whether you’re seeking adventure in the great outdoors or simply wanting to immerse yourself in the serenity of nature, Canada is a destination like no other.

Key Facts about Canada Statistics
Total Area 9,984,670 km² (3,855,101 mi²)
Population Approximately 38 million people
Population Density 3.92 people per square kilometer (10.15 people per square mile)

Canada’s vastness, natural wonders, and welcoming culture make it a truly remarkable country. Whether you’re exploring the vibrant cities, embarking on outdoor adventures, or immersing yourself in the rich Indigenous cultures, Canada is sure to leave a lasting impression.

China – A Large Country in Asia

China, with a total area of 9,706,961 km² (3,747,877 mi²), is the third largest country in the world. It is located in Eastern Asia and is known for its rich history, diverse culture, and booming economy. With a population of over 1.4 billion people, China is the largest country by population as well. Let’s explore some fascinating facts about this massive nation.

Population and Density

China’s population size is a significant factor that contributes to its status as one of the world’s biggest countries. Its large population brings challenges and opportunities, making it a dynamic and influential player on the global stage. Despite its vast size, China has a high population density, particularly in urban areas such as Shanghai and Beijing, where millions of people reside.

Diverse Landscapes

China’s geography is incredibly diverse, with varied landscapes that range from towering mountain ranges like the Himalayas to vast deserts like the Gobi Desert. The country is also home to stunning natural wonders like the Yangtze River, the Three Gorges, and the picturesque Li River. These landscapes attract millions of tourists each year and offer breathtaking views of China’s natural beauty.

Key Facts About China Statistics
Capital Beijing
Official Language Chinese
Greatest City Shanghai
Government Communist Party-led State
Area 9,706,961 km² (3,747,877 mi²)
Population Over 1.4 billion

“China is a country of immense diversity, both in terms of its population and its landscapes. From bustling cities to serene countryside, ancient traditions to modern innovations, China offers a unique experience for visitors. Its rich history and cultural heritage make it a fascinating destination to explore.” – Travel Magazine

United States – A Diverse and Vast Nation

The United States is the fourth largest country in the world, covering a total area of 9,372,610 km² (3,618,783 mi²). With its vast landmass and diverse geography, the country offers a wide range of landscapes and natural wonders. From towering mountains to expansive plains, from stunning coastlines to arid deserts, the United States has it all.

Not only is the United States known for its geographical diversity, but it is also one of the most populated countries in the world. With a population of over 331 million people, it ranks among the top countries by population. The blend of cultures and ethnicities adds to the rich tapestry of the nation, making it a melting pot of diversity.

Exploring the United States is like embarking on a journey through different worlds. The country boasts iconic landmarks such as the Grand Canyon, the Statue of Liberty, and the Golden Gate Bridge. It is also home to world-renowned cities like New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago, each with its own unique charm and character.

“The United States is not just a country; it’s a collection of states, each with its own identity and allure. From the bustling streets of New York City to the serene beaches of Hawaii, there’s something for everyone in this vast and diverse nation.” – Travel Blogger

Natural Wonders of the United States

The United States is blessed with an abundance of natural wonders that draw millions of visitors each year. Here are a few notable examples:

  • The Grand Canyon: One of the most impressive natural wonders in the world, the Grand Canyon is a breathtaking sight to behold. Carved by the Colorado River over millions of years, this vast gorge showcases the power of nature.
  • The Yellowstone National Park: Known for its geothermal features, including the famous Old Faithful geyser, Yellowstone National Park is a diverse ecosystem teeming with wildlife. Visitors can explore its stunning landscapes, from towering waterfalls to colorful hot springs.
  • The Great Smoky Mountains: Located on the border of Tennessee and North Carolina, the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is renowned for its scenic beauty and abundant wildlife. It offers numerous hiking trails, picturesque overlooks, and opportunities for outdoor adventures.

Table: Comparison of the Top 5 Largest Countries by Land Area

Country Land Area (km²)
Russia 17,098,242
Canada 9,984,670
China 9,706,961
United States 9,372,610
Brazil 8,515,767

The United States, with its vast land area, diverse geography, and rich cultural heritage, continues to captivate travelers from around the world. Whether you’re seeking adventure in the great outdoors, exploring vibrant cities, or immersing yourself in the local culture, the United States has something to offer for everyone.

Brazil – Largest Country in South America

Brazil, the largest country in South America, boasts a vast total area of 8,515,767 km² (3,287,955 mi²). Its expansive territory is home to diverse landscapes, vibrant culture, and the iconic Amazon rainforest. With such vast dimensions, it is no wonder that Brazil holds a prominent position in the list of the world’s largest countries.

While Brazil’s landmass contributes to its ranking among the biggest countries globally, its population is also sizable, making it the fifth most populous country in the world. The fusion of indigenous tribes, European settlers, and African slaves has shaped Brazil’s rich cultural heritage, creating a vibrant blend of traditions, music, and festivals.

The Amazon rainforest, often referred to as the “lungs of the Earth,” covers a significant portion of Brazil’s land area. Its unparalleled biodiversity showcases the wonders of nature, with countless species of plants, animals, and insects coexisting within its lush greenery. Exploring this natural wonder is a transformative experience that reveals the sheer magnitude and beauty of Brazil’s immense landscape.

Key Facts about Brazil
Population Approximately 211 million
Capital Brasília
Official Language Portuguese
Major Cities São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador
Geographical Features Amazon Rainforest, Pantanal Wetlands, Iguazu Falls

With its impressive land area, vibrant culture, and natural wonders, Brazil stands as a testament to the diversity and magnificence of our planet. Whether exploring the vast Amazon rainforest, immersing oneself in the rhythms of samba and bossa nova, or marveling at the breathtaking Iguazu Falls, Brazil offers an array of experiences that captivate the imagination and leave a lasting impression.

Australia – A Massive Island Continent

Australia, often referred to as the “Land Down Under,” is the sixth largest country in the world and is known for its vast size and unique geography. With a total area of 7,692,024 km² (2,969,906 mi²), Australia is not only a country but also a massive island continent. It is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans, making it the largest landmass in Oceania.

One of the remarkable features of Australia is its diverse and stunning natural landscapes. From the iconic red sands of the Outback to the lush rainforests of Queensland, the country offers a plethora of breathtaking scenery. The Great Barrier Reef, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is another magnificent wonder located off the coast of Queensland. It is the largest coral reef system in the world, spanning over 2,300 kilometers (1,400 miles).

Australia is also renowned for its unique wildlife. The continent is home to various endemic species, such as kangaroos, koalas, and the infamous Tasmanian devil. The country’s commitment to conservation and protection of its natural treasures is demonstrated through its extensive network of national parks and protected areas.

Key Facts about Australia
Land Area: 7,692,024 km² (2,969,906 mi²)
Population: Approximately 25 million
Capital: Canberra
Main Language: English
National Emblem: Kangaroo

A visit to Australia offers a wide range of experiences, from exploring vibrant cities like Sydney and Melbourne to immersing oneself in the rugged beauty of the Outback. The country’s multicultural society and friendly locals make it a welcoming destination for travelers from around the world. Whether you’re diving in the Great Barrier Reef, hiking in the Blue Mountains, or experiencing Indigenous culture, Australia has something for everyone.

India – A High Population Density Country

India, with a total area of 3,287,590 km² (1,269,345 mi²), is the seventh largest country in the world by land area. What truly sets India apart is its high population density. With over 1.3 billion people, India is the second most populous country globally, second only to China. This dense population has various implications and influences on the country’s economy, society, and infrastructure.

India’s large population presents both challenges and opportunities. On one hand, it puts immense pressure on essential services such as healthcare, education, and transportation. Meeting the needs of such a vast population requires extensive planning and resources. On the other hand, India’s population contributes to a diverse and vibrant culture, innovation, and a robust workforce. It has also given rise to a large domestic market, attracting multinational companies to invest and establish a presence in the country.

India’s population density is particularly high in urban areas, where cities are bustling with activity and growth. Metropolitan areas like Mumbai, Delhi, and Kolkata are home to millions of people and experience the challenges of managing such dense populations. Urban planning and infrastructure development become crucial for accommodating the needs of so many individuals. Additionally, the high population density gives rise to a diverse range of cultures, traditions, languages, and cuisines, making India a truly unique and multicultural nation.

Key Statistics about India:

  • Population: Over 1.3 billion people
  • Population Density: Approximately 416 people per square kilometer
  • Capital: New Delhi
  • Official Languages: Hindi and English
  • Major Cities: Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore

The table below provides a comparison of India’s population density with other countries:

Country Population Density (people per square kilometer)
India 416
China 146
United States 36
Russia 8

India’s high population density is a major characteristic that defines the country. It brings forth a multitude of opportunities and challenges, making India a fascinating nation to study and understand.

Argentina – The Second Largest Country in South America

Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world, spanning an impressive total area of 2,780,400 km² (1,073,518 mi²). Situated in South America, it is second in size only to its neighboring country, Brazil. Argentina’s vast land area provides a diverse range of landscapes, from the majestic Andes mountains in the west to the expansive grasslands of the Pampas in the east.

With a population of over 45 million people, Argentina is also one of the most populous countries in South America. Its capital city, Buenos Aires, is a vibrant metropolis and a cultural hub known for its tango music and dance, delicious cuisine, and stunning architecture.

Population Land Area Population Density
45.38 million 2,780,400 km² 16.3 people/km²

Argentina’s diverse geographical features make it a popular tourist destination. Visitors can explore the awe-inspiring Iguazu Falls, located on the border between Argentina and Brazil, which is one of the world’s largest waterfall systems. The stunning landscapes of Patagonia, with its glaciers, mountains, and wildlife, also draw nature enthusiasts from around the globe.

Argentina’s rich cultural heritage is reflected in its architecture, art, music, and literature. The country has produced world-renowned artists and writers, such as Jorge Luis Borges and Diego Maradona. Additionally, Argentina is famous for its love of soccer, with passionate fans and fierce rivalries between its top clubs.

Key Highlights:

  • Second largest country in South America
  • Land area of 2,780,400 km²
  • Population of over 45 million people
  • Diverse landscapes, including the Andes mountains and the Pampas
  • Cultural capital of Buenos Aires, known for tango and delicious cuisine
  • Spectacular natural attractions, such as Iguazu Falls and Patagonia
  • Proud sporting nation with a passion for soccer

Kazakhstan – The Largest Country in Central Asia

Kazakhstan, the ninth largest country in the world, holds the title for being the largest country in the Central Asian region. Spanning across a vast area of 2,724,900 km² (1,052,089 mi²), Kazakhstan boasts diverse landscapes and a rich cultural heritage. It is home to various ethnic groups and offers a unique blend of traditions, making it a fascinating destination for travelers.

With a population of over 18 million people, Kazakhstan ranks among the top countries by population. Its vibrant cities, such as the capital city Nur-Sultan, formerly known as Astana, and Almaty, the cultural hub, showcase modern infrastructure and architectural marvels. Amidst the urbanization, Kazakhstan still preserves its nomadic roots and offers visitors the opportunity to explore the vast steppe landscapes.

A key highlight of Kazakhstan is the Baikonur Cosmodrome, the world’s first and largest operational space launch facility. Located in the desert steppes of southern Kazakhstan, Baikonur has witnessed historic space launches, including that of Yuri Gagarin, the first human to journey into outer space. The facility continues to play a major role in space exploration, attracting international attention.

Kazakhstan Central Asia
Area 2,724,900 km²
Population 18 million+
Main Cities Nur-Sultan (Astana), Almaty
Key Attractions Baikonur Cosmodrome, Steppe Landscapes

As the largest country in Central Asia, Kazakhstan offers a unique combination of natural beauty, cultural diversity, and scientific achievements. Whether exploring the vast steppes, immersing in the local traditions, or witnessing the wonders of space exploration, visitors to Kazakhstan can truly experience the grandeur of this remarkable nation.

Discover Kazakhstan’s Wonders

  • Experience the lively atmosphere of Nur-Sultan and marvel at its futuristic architecture
  • Explore the beautiful landscapes of Almaty, surrounded by majestic mountains
  • Visit the Baikonur Cosmodrome and witness a historic space launch
  • Immerse yourself in Kazakh culture and traditions through traditional music and dance
  • Embark on a journey across the vast steppes and encounter traditional nomadic communities

Algeria – The Largest Country in Africa

Algeria, the tenth largest country in the world, is situated in North Africa and boasts a total area of 2,381,741 km² (919,595 mi²). With its expansive landmass, Algeria takes pride in being the largest country in Africa. It is home to diverse landscapes ranging from the magnificent Sahara Desert to the stunning Mediterranean coastline.

When it comes to population, Algeria ranks among the top countries, making it a significant player in the global demographic sphere. With its vast territory and substantial population, Algeria’s influence in the region is unparalleled.

As the largest country in Africa, Algeria offers a rich cultural heritage and a vibrant society. Its history is intertwined with various ancient civilizations, leaving behind a tapestry of traditions and customs that continue to thrive to this day. Algerians take pride in their diverse heritage and are known for their warm hospitality.


What is the biggest country in the world?

The biggest country in the world is Russia, with a total area of 17,098,242 km² (6,601,665 mi²).

Which country is the second largest in terms of land area?

Canada is the second largest country in the world, with a total area of 9,984,670 km² (3,855,101 mi²).

What is the third largest country in the world?

China is the third largest country in the world, with a total area of 9,706,961 km² (3,747,877 mi²).

Which country is the fourth largest in terms of land area?

The United States is the fourth largest country in the world, with a total area of 9,372,610 km² (3,618,783 mi²).

What is the fifth largest country in the world?

Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world, with a total area of 8,515,767 km² (3,287,955 mi²).

Which country is the sixth largest in terms of land area?

Australia is the sixth largest country in the world, with a total area of 7,692,024 km² (2,969,906 mi²).

What is the seventh largest country in the world?

India is the seventh largest country in the world, with a total area of 3,287,590 km² (1,269,345 mi²).

Which country is the eighth largest in terms of land area?

Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world, with a total area of 2,780,400 km² (1,073,518 mi²).

What is the ninth largest country in the world?

Kazakhstan is the ninth largest country in the world, with a total area of 2,724,900 km² (1,052,089 mi²).

Which country is the tenth largest in terms of land area?

Algeria is the tenth largest country in the world, with a total area of 2,381,741 km² (919,595 mi²).

Related Posts